A long-term follow up study of transsexual people was conducted in Sweden in 2011. Study HERE.
FTT – Female to Trans = Trans-identified female or transman.
MTT – Male to Trans = Trans-identified male or transwoman.
The study looked at the number of crimes committed by the transsexual cohort under investigation.
This is a population-based study using records from a variety of registers in Sweden in 2011. They found 324 transgender people that had undertaken sex reassignment surgey between 1973 and 2003.
A total of 60 crimes were identified, 14 of those classified as violent crimes. Eight violent crimes had been committed by transwomen and six by transmen.
|HOW DO THEY PRESENT THEIR DATA IN THIS STUDY?|
|They present their data in terms of ‘adjusted hazard risk’ abbreviated to a HR (Hazard Risk)
They used age-matched and sex-matched people from the general population to use as a comparison
|‘Adjusted’ means they adjusted the data to compensate for that fact that more transgender people have mental health issues unrelated to gender dysphoria (20% compared to 4% in general population). This rules out that mental health differences in the groups might be skewing the data.|
When looking at ANY CRIMES committed by all trans people there is a slightly higher risk of crime (1.3, this means 30% more) or violent crime (50%) compared to the general population.
For ANY CRIME, this seems to be mainly made up of the offending of the earlier group (people who had SRS between 1972 and 1988). We see no difference in crime rates for trans people who had SRS between 1989 and 2003.
NB: there was not enough data to analyse the different subgroups for VIOLENT CRIME.
Results for transwomen:
Transwomen are 6 times more likely to commit a crime and 18 times more likely to commit a violent crime compared to female controls.
But transwomen commit crime, including violent crime, at a similar rate as any other males in the general population.
Results for transmen:
Transmen are 4 times more likely to commit a crime and 7 times more likely to commit a violent crime compared to female controls.
But transmen commit crime, including violent crime, at a similar or slightly lower rate compared to male controls.